Labral tears often result from single traumatic events, such as a tackle in football or rugby, or a fall in skiing or cycling. They can also be caused by repeated hip flexion seen in runners, hockey players, and soccer players. Depending on the cause of injury, tears might develop along any area of the labrum.
Labral tears could cause pain in the lateral hip, anterior hip, medial groin, or even the buttocks, depending on the exact injury site. The anterolateral labrum is the most commonly injured. Active range of motion of the hip might produce a snapping sensation, which could be the result of a tight iliotibial band laterally or hypermobile iliopsoas tendon anteromedially.
Athletes should avoid activities that stress the labrum (ex:pivoting and twisting of the hip) and excessive loading of the hip. Before athletes return to running or fast-paced activities, they should have restored strength equal to the uninjured side. If surgical repair is required and depending on the demand of the sport, a return to competitive athletic activities could take up to six months.
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